4 Skills Kids Learn When They Read

Celebrate Read Across America Day to share with kids the importance of reading

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Read Across America is the nation’s largest celebration of reading. It’s a day when teachers, parents and volunteers take time to read aloud with kids and honor the important role books play in children’s futures.

But just how important is it for kids to learn to read and build strong literacy skills? Most experts agree it’s essential.

Research shows:

  • An introduction to books early on is the single most significant factor influencing a child’s
    educational success.1
  • Kids who read proficiently by third grade are four times as likely to graduate on
  • Earning a high school diploma helps kids avoid incarceration3, find a job
    that pays a sustainable wage4 and live a healthier life.5

  • Having access to books and reading support is vital, and right now, too many children don’t have either. Nationally, one in four kids grow up not knowing how to read at a basic level.7 The statistics are more grave for children who come from under-resourced neighborhoods: three in five families who struggle to make ends meet have no books in their homes for their children.8

Literacy skills are vital because opening a book leads to so much more than reading. Books help kids develop new skills and abilities that help them in school and after graduation.
Building literacy skills is critical to the success children can achieve.

4 Skills Kids Learn When They Read

Skill #1: Empathy

Books provide an opportunity for kids to learn about people, places, cultures, activities and other things different from what they’re experiencing in their current environment. Reading stories of how others handle situations allows them to gain a new perspective. It’s an idea that is supported by research. According to research from The New School in New York City,6 reading fiction improves a reader’s capacity to understand what others are thinking and feeling.

Skill #2: Self-confidence

Kids become what they see. When a character looks like or has similar characteristics to the child reading the book, the story can show them new possibilities. That could be a new career idea, place they can travel, food they can eat or even different ways to react to things that are happening in their lives.

Additionally, activities like choosing their own book, reading aloud and problem-solving while reading can help children develop agency which leads to self-confidence. Encourage their development while reading by asking questions about characters in the book, like “what should she do next?” or “why do you think he did that?”

Skill #3: Expanded Vocabulary

The more words kids read and hear the more opportunities they have to expand their vocabulary. Knowing more words fosters better written and verbal communication – an essential skill for school and the workplace.

When reading out loud with kids, identify one new vocabulary word and talk about it. If the story has the word “ spectacular,” ask them what they think it means, then share the definition as you know it: “Spectacular means very good.” Emphasize the pronunciation of new words to help kids connect the phonics to the letters within the words. .

Skill #4: Pattern Recognition

Every story has a beginning, middle and end. The logical sequence of events in each story help a reader understand what is happening. This story pattern can help kids start to recognize the order and sequence of effective communication. It can also help build pattern recognition that translates into other school subjects such as math and science. 

With these tips, you're ready to be a read-aloud-rockstar! United Way of Western Connecticut's Ready, Set, Let's Read Programengages volunteers to read aloud at Danbury early childhood centers to introduce preschoolers to the fundamentals of literacy through the magic of stories.

Ready, Set, Let's Read is just one way that United Way supports our community's children so they enter school with the skills that lead to success in school and beyond. There's no better day to join us as a volunteer or supporter!

:1National Commission on Reading. 2Donald J. Hernandez, Double Jeopardy: How Third-Grade Reading Skills and Poverty Influence High School Graduation. The Annie E. Casey Foundation.
3U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics.
4U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.
5Center for Disease Control and Prevention.
6The New School in New York City via Scientific American.
7National Assessment of Educational Progress.
8Reading Literacy in the United States: Findings from the IEA Reading Literacy Study.

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